Welcome to the website of Alan B. MacDonald.

I am hospital pathologist by trade and my world is microscopic images. Daily I diagnose disease based on the image profiles from surgically removed tissues, blood smears and microbiology specimens.

In my research, which I do at night or on the weekends as energy permits, I interpret images from diseased tissues.

In hospital pathology, there are many texts which illustrate the image profiles of tumors and other medical diseases. Some of the reference materials do not provide a “perfect”
image match to an individual patient situation. New Lessons, which come from patients which do not “match” the published image archive, are the subject of “case reports” which enrich and expand the knowledge “contained in Textbooks”

Many of the images of “spirochetes” in textbooks demonstrate only the “perfect corkscrew” profile-leading a reader to “doubt” the legitimacy of cystic or granular forms, and the reject cell wall deficient “L-Forms”

My website is an effort to educate visitors about the “forgotten” spirochetal forms which are really Borrelia and which exist in diseased tissue.

Please see a more complete biography of me here on the Alzheimer Research Forum

For details of my time working at Southampton University, please see this page.

I would like to acknowledge the generous support of the Lyme Disease Association and the Lyme Research Alliance for some of my research, including the loan of CytoViva Microscopy equipment.